The Hadrian’s Gate (or Hadrian’s Arch) is a monumental gate that resembles – according to some views – a Roman triumphal arch. It covered an ancient road from the centre of Athens to a complex of settlements on the eastern side of the city, which included the Temple of Olympian Zeus. It is thought that this gate was constructed to celebrate the arrival (adventus) of the Roman Emperor Hadrian and to honour his many benefactions to the city, on the occasion of the dedication of an adjacent temple in 131 to 132 AD.It is not certain who commissioned the construction of the gate, although it is likely that citizens of Athens or other Greeks were responsible for its construction and design. There were two inscriptions on the gate, in opposite directions, which identified Theseus and Hadrian as the founders of Athens. Although it is clear that the inscriptions honoured Hadrian, it remains uncertain whether they refer to the city as one or whether they divide the city into two parts (the old and the new). The original idea, however, that the gate was located on the ancient city wall, and separated the old and new parts of the city, has been shown to be incorrect by further excavations. The gate is located 325 m southeast of the Acropolis.
325 km from the city centre, at the south-eastern part of the Acropolis.
50 Vasilissis Amalias Avenue, Athens 105 58
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